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Book Summary of The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People by Stephen Covey

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Book Summary of The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People by Stephen Covey and Its Important Lessons

With the publication of his book The 7 Habits of Highly Effective in 1989, Stephen Covey irrevocably altered the field of self-improvement. This book immediately became a best-seller around the world and a go-to resource for anyone looking to better themselves. Covey’s book was a must-read for everyone from top executives to schoolchildren.

The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People is still one of the most widely read books in its genre, despite being published over a quarter-century ago. Not only did it establish the tone for Covey’s second book, but for an entirely new genre of literature as well. Now, not only at work but also at home, Covey’s work is used. Covey imparts vital lessons to his readers, whether they wish to enhance their connections with coworkers, managers, or have more successful social ties. These principles have weathered the test of time and continue to be relevant as a firm basis in interpersonal communication today.

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Covey’s book is centered on the daily practices of the normal individual. Because your character is made up of your habits, this is the book’s main focus.

Habits are something that everyone possesses. Some of these behaviors are beneficial, while others are detrimental, and still, others have little to no bearing on your daily life. People are often oblivious to their own tendencies. You may dismiss them as inexorable aspects of your personality at times, but you may be completely unconscious of their existence at other times. These behaviors may appear obvious to others, but if you don’t take a step back and evaluate them, you’ll discover that you’ve developed harmful habits without your knowledge.

The focus of Covey’s book is on developing healthy habits rather than breaking them. Good habits must be practiced and honed for the majority of people. Many beneficial behaviors must be learned and do not occur spontaneously. It takes more effort to break them than it does to break bad behaviors.

Changing your behaviors can alter not only your perception of the world but also how others see you. The lessons in Covey’s book can assist you in the following areas:

• Taking charge of one’s own destiny

• Making judgments that are not only better but also smarter and more strategic.

• Managing and enhancing your interpersonal interactions with family and friends.

• Breaking bad habits is a must-have skill.

• Increasing your output

• Strike a work-life balance that is both healthy and sustainable.

• Try to be the happiest person you can be.

Take a peek at the following presentation for a quick overview of those 7 habits.

Victory in Private

Covey begins the book with three practices that he categorizes as Private Victory. These behaviors are geared toward helping you develop your own personal habits. It’s critical to prioritize a personal success over a team victory because you must be able to change yourself before you can change others. This phase serves as a warm-up for Habits 4, 5, and 6, which are aimed at improving your leadership and management abilities.

Habit 1 : Be Proactive

One of the most difficult habits to keep is being proactive. If you don’t receive the outcomes you want, it’s easier to let things come to you and absolve yourself of responsibility. Because you will be the one who makes the most changes in your life, you must be proactive. You cannot expect to lead others if you cannot be an active participant in your own life.

Taking the bull by the horns is not the same as being proactive. It entails concentrating solely on events within your control and ignoring occurrences outside your control. You will be able to start creating the next six habits once you have established a habit of doing all in your power to improve yourself and your situation.

Habit 2: Think about the End in mind when you Start.

Amazing things can happen once you make the decision to take charge of your life. You must, however, make strategic decisions. Learning how to plan your goals, according to Covey, is the second habit to cultivate. This habit is a psychological creation approach that, if learned, makes physical goal creation much easier.

Starting at the beginning, guide yourself toward your objectives. You’ll discover that by doing so, you’ll be able to anticipate and deal with challenges and distractions more efficiently. You’ll also find that you achieve your objectives far more quickly because the preparation you undertake takes time away from the tasks you have to complete. It will frequently keep you from taking the wrong turn. Even if you start off on the wrong path, it will be a lot easier to get back on course if you have your objectives in mind from the beginning.

Habit 3: Prioritize What Matters Most

Prioritization is the third habit. Everyone has priorities, just like habits, and these priorities differ from person to person. This isn’t necessarily a bad thing because it helps you to see things from different viewpoints. However, in order to achieve your own objectives, you must develop your own routines and priorities.

Because this is the practical creation of your goals, it comes after habit 2. Learning how to prioritize your actions based on your objectives is critical to making your objectives a reality. Prioritization, like strategic planning, can help you operate more successfully since it eliminates or defers unnecessary tasks until they are absolutely necessary.

Prioritization, according to Covey, is not about knowing how to manage your time. It’s about figuring out how to take care of oneself.

Victory in the Public Eye

You may then become a good manager of others if you’ve learned how to properly manage yourself. After the public wins, you can begin to apply everything you’ve learned to your leadership style.

The underlying premise is that if you are a successful person who can organize, prioritize, and seek opportunities, you may motivate others to do the same.

Habit 4 : Think in Terms of win-win situations.

You learned how to create a winning circumstance for yourself when you were forming the behaviors that lead to personal victory. You devised the strategies that would help you win, then put them into action. These abilities can help you turn your “win” into a public triumph. A “win/win” scenario is what you’d call it when you’re generating a winning scenario in a public environment.

In any public sphere, a win-win arrangement is an ideal situation. You will observe the perfect breeding condition for anger, discontent, and occasionally anarchy when one person wins too often while others continue to lose.

Rather than trying to make the best of a bad situation, you should approach decision-making by generating a win-win outcome for both parties. If neither side has a chance to win, the contract should be called off and the negotiations should begin again.

Of course, reaching an agreement that benefits all parties is difficult. What you can do, though, is come up with a contract that shows your team that you care about both their and your interests.

Habit 5 : Seek to Understand First, Then to Be Understood

Any style of leadership requires the ability to listen. When most people think about communication issues, they see an inability to find the right words to use in a message to express a very specific message. Even if these words are found, they may be worthless if the person receiving the message is not paying attention.

Listening is difficult to learn because it does not appear to benefit you at first. To truly listen to another person, you must focus entirely on them in order to comprehend their point of view. Listening must be done without the intention of responding, manipulating, or persuading the person who is speaking.

Listening is one of those skills that must be practiced on a regular basis. It’s difficult to see the advantage of listening because it feels paradoxical to listen to another person merely to empathize with them. Listening, according to Covey, is more powerful than many people realize because it allows you to gather genuine data rather than perceived facts.

When you’re trying to fix a problem, knowing what the problem is might help a lot. Not listening to the problem and merely offering a solution is a prevalent poor habit. This is a poor habit that can affect not only your career but also your personal life.

To address this problem, you must first and foremost endeavor to comprehend it. Only after you’ve confirmed the speaker’s problem can you offer real solutions. You will save a lot of time, frustration, and money in the business world if you have a clear grasp of the problem.

Habit 6 : Synergize

The total, according to Covey, is more than the sum of its parts. It is a good practice to encourage positive responses to individual efforts and to recognize the individual.

This is in your best interests because having a larger network of effective people working on a problem increases your chances of coming up with a viable, innovative solution while using less energy. The knowledge that each person brings to the table can be developed to create a situation in which you have one team made up of numerous individuals rather than several individuals on a team. The distinction may appear petty, but the results are remarkable.

Habit 7 : Sharpen Your Saw

The final habit motivates you to assist in the growth and development of all other habits. To do so, you must give your mental, spiritual, physical, and social selves the time and space they require to develop into regular routines that gradually integrate into your personality.

Self-renewal is how Covey characterizes it, and he feels it is this practice that allows everything else to happen. You should consider the following practices to ensure that you cover all four bases:

• Your own physical body. Exercise, nutrition, and stress management are all important components of a healthy lifestyle.

• Personality. Reading, learning, and writing, as well as visualizing and preparing your objectives, are all good ways to get started.

• Self-Awareness Serving others, demonstrating empathy, and pursuing synergy are all good things to do.

• Self-Realization Spiritual reading and study, as well as meditation,

Most people have difficulties in at least one of these areas if not all. You may believe that you do not have time to devote to these activities, but you only have time if you set aside time for them. Taking care of oneself physically, spiritually, and emotionally will have a positive impact on all aspects of your life.

Habit 8: Find Your Own Voice and Encourage others to do the same.

Covey explains an eighth habit that is critical for productivity and successful relationships in a follow-up book. Leadership, he feels, is a choice rather than a requirement. When you choose to be a true leader, you choose to stand by your team and assist both individuals and the group attain their full potential.

Communication is key to leadership, and establishing a good and successful voice is central to communication. Once you’ve discovered your unique voice, use it to create settings in which your communication inspires others to do the same. It’s easier to keep moving forward toward a shared vision when everyone has a say.


These seven habits are all synergistic, complementing one another in distinct ways. When you understand that these habits are part of two major habits: taking action and structured preparation, it becomes much easier to think about cultivating them.


Habit 1: Commits you to take action in your life by being proactive. When you begin to take responsibility for your life and how you perceive it, you are making a physical as well as a mental decision to reclaim control over your life.

Habit 3: You are taking decisive steps when you prioritize the actions that will help you achieve your goals. Habit 3 aids habit 1 by allowing you to act on the things that will help you get there.

It may not appear that you are taking action when you learn to listen first. Active listening, on the other hand, is one of the most crucial choices you can make. Active listening prepares you for future planning and action. It eliminates redundancy and instills a sense of worth in your workforce. It’s amazing how much of a difference listening to others can make.

Habit 6: Improving your team’s synergy is the most effective technique to get things done in a group. It’s crucial to realize that an orchestra isn’t just a collection of string instruments. If there is no synergy between the players, they are just folks who happen to be performing complementary sheet music. You’re more likely to achieve greatness if you’ve found that connection.

Habit 7: Behaviour Taking action to protect yourself is the focus. Making intentional decisions to look after yourself will help you make conscious decisions to look after others.

Planning in a Systematic Way

Habit 2: About defining your life’s goals and mission. This is an important step in the planning process because you can’t write directions until you know where you’re going.

Habit 4: When you learn to think in terms of a “win-win” situation, you learn to prepare for a variety of outcomes. It’s critical to commit to a “win-win” conclusion since it makes everyone on the team feel appreciated. It takes careful planning, compromise, and flexibility to learn to prioritize the team’s health over the health of the individual.


It’s unlikely that Stephen Covey imagined when he published this book that he’d be starting a leadership revolution at work and at home. Covey’s work is at the heart of a body of work that has spawned thousands of publications, some of which have revolutionized the business and management world.

Despite the large number of books produced and released since The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, it is still a book that people refer to. Because, as the book’s central message argues, you must first master a few fundamental behaviors before moving on to greater and better things. These fundamental teachings are delivered by Covey in a way that is both educational and emotionally compelling.

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