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What are the five different kinds of programming languages?

Because there are so many different programming languages available, choosing the most suitable for your needs may be challenging. Five Different Kinds of Programming Languages The excellent news is that we can help you pick the proper one with our handy list of the five primary kinds of programming language that you could use when studying programming or while working on constructing software or an app with your team. Let’s get started!

Procedure-Oriented Language

Five Different Kinds of Programming Languages

A computer is instructed in a procedural programming language using a string of individual instructions. C, Pascal, and Fortran are examples of some of today’s most widely used procedural programming languages. You can create instructions using these languages, similar to how people naturally communicate with one another. Take, for instance, the scenario in which you must instruct a computer to add two integers. You may write an instruction in C like “Add 2 + 2,” for example.

Even though it seems like it should say “add two plus two,” computers don’t comprehend English; they only understand the instructions. Because they adhere to a logical sequence—first command -> second command -> third command…etc.—procedural programming languages make it simple for humans to communicate with computers and offer them precise instructions. This arrangement is referred to as a process or a routine, and each step is known as an instruction or a statement.

Language of Programming Scripting

Five Different Kinds of Programming Languages

You can alter (or script) components on a web page using scripting languages such as JavaScript, PHP, Python, and Ruby. Using these languages is beneficial for activities such as mathematical computations and connecting with databases, but each has specific constraints that must be considered.

For instance, they cannot execute as smoothly as code that has been compiled. Therefore, scripting languages aren’t the best choice for projects that need to operate rapidly or efficiently, but they’re an excellent choice for less time-sensitive and more specific activities.

The functionality of a large number of prominent websites is dependent on scripting languages. PHP is what Facebook uses, Python is what Google uses, and Ruby is what YouTube uses. Others maintain that the speed of these websites would suffer if they were written in a different language. If you are interested in entering the programming field, you should consider studying one of these languages. This is particularly true if you plan on working for a firm that employs languages like these.

Functional Language for Programming

Five Different Kinds of Programming Languages

One of the many different programming paradigms is called functional programming. This approach to designing computer programmes regards computing as the evaluation of mathematical functions and steers clear of changing-state and changeable data. It is a way of writing computer programmes that have been popular recently. Lazy evaluation is a feature supported by various functional languages, enabling developers to create software that is, in some cases, more efficient.

Instead of calculating all expressions in preparation, a lazy language implementation will only evaluate expressions and programmes when their values are required, rather than evaluating expressions and programmes in advance. Because of this, it could become feasible to create parsers, compilers, interpreters, and other types of programme generators in a functional approach. On the other hand, lazy implementations bring an extra layer of complexity to the table, often rendering them unsuitable for regular usage.

Additionally, lazy evaluation makes thinking about how a programme behaves more difficult. As a result, strictly functional programming is not widely used in business. However, it is effective in specialist fields such as artificial intelligence and symbolic mathematics.

Language for Logic Programming

Five Different Kinds of Programming Languages

Logic programming is a paradigm in computer programming that solves issues by modelling “knowledge” and looking for solutions that fit particular logical principles. Logic programming also models “knowledge” Consequently, logic programming is concerned with statements rather than equations or action sequences. Statements may be either true or false.

In logic programming, as opposed to imperative languages, it is not necessary to state explicitly how to solve a problem because inference engines take care of how to search for an answer; programmes only consist of definitions of rules and facts. This is in contrast to imperative languages, in which it is necessary to state explicitly how to solve a problem. It is termed logic because it draws new conclusions from established premises using formal logic, yet, programmes often use non-monotonic reasoning to accomplish this goal.

This language has implemented expert systems that can respond to specific queries independently. Expert systems are a subset of decision support systems, which differ from the former in that the latter can only respond to questions asked in plain language. The computer language Prolog is an example of a logic-based programming language.

Object-Oriented Programming Language

Five Different Kinds of Programming Languages

Constructs that allow for data encapsulation and inheritance are often found in programming languages that enable object-oriented programming (OOP). In most cases, an object-oriented programming language will have the capacity to support the definition of objects for objects, and those procedures could even support the definition of classes. Object orientation may be found in various contemporary programming languages, including C++, Java, Visual Basic.NET, and Python, to name a few.

Programming may be made simpler using OOP because it enables programmers to express ideas as objects while writing code. The object-oriented programming (OOP) paradigm is arguably best recognised for its use in Microsoft. NET Framework, which makes considerable use of classes.


A diverse selection of programming languages is available for use in various settings. Therefore, to become an expert in your field, you should research each language before learning one. Always make financially sound decisions while maintaining a high level of job satisfaction.

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